Chapter

Epilogue: Advances and Open Questions

Gary Hatfield and William Epstein

in Visual Experience

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199597277
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741883 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199597277.003.0013
Epilogue: Advances and Open Questions

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The epilogue reviews advances and open questions concerning the constancies. It examines the notions of “proximal” and “constancy” modes of perception, and finds that, in circumstances of reduced stimulus information, proximal mode experiences might be generated by the normal processes of perception (and hence not in this case be the result of taking a special attitude). It suggests that, given the pervasiveness of underconstancy as discussed in the volume, the proximal/constancy dichotomy must be expanded to include intermediate types of visual experience. The effect of instructions on observers’ reports is discussed from a historical perspective and in relation to recent work, including that on the task-relativity of perception. Finally, this chapter discusses the relations between phenomenal and inverse-inference approaches in relation to the goals of visual constancy. Throughout, the Epilogue synthesizes contributors varied views; pointing out points of agreement and areas of disagreement.

Keywords: proximal perception; constancy perception; visual constancy; stimulus information; phenomenal approaches; inverse-inference approaches

Chapter.  4901 words. 

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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