Chapter

The Two-Headed Ass

D M. Leeson

in The Black and Tans

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199598991
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191730597 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199598991.003.0002
The Two-Headed Ass

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This chapter begins by examining both the underlying and immediate origins of the Irish War of Independence, and explains how the British regime in Ireland came close to collapse by the summer of 1920. It then discusses a critical turning point — the British government’s commitment to a policy of limited concessions combined with limited repression, the passage of the Restoration of Order in Ireland Act on 9 August 1920. From politics and policy, the chapter then turns to the composition and organization of the various police forces in Ireland: the Royal Irish Constabulary, its British reinforcements (the Black and Tans), and the Auxiliary Division. It describes the strengths and weaknesses of these three forces, along with their duties and distribution. The appointment of Major-General Henry Hugh Tudor as Police Adviser (later Chief of Police) is discussed as well.

Keywords: politics; policy; counterinsurgency; counter-terrorism; policing; Royal Irish Constabulary

Chapter.  14618 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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