Chapter

Kantian Convergence Arguments and Self-Improvement

Robert N. Johnson

in Self-Improvement

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199599349
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731556 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599349.003.0006
Kantian Convergence Arguments and Self-Improvement

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A convergence style normative argument is an argument that appeals to a convergence among a plurality of persons, either in belief, desire, agreement, choice, or something else to establish moral principles. Kantian style convergence arguments typically look for convergence in the will: justified principles are those all fully rational agents would or could will to act on. The puzzle is how a style of argument that is based on a relationship between a plurality of persons can establish duties that each owes only to him- or herself. It is argued that convergence arguments can establish a duty of self-development owed only to oneself by drawing on the idea that parties to the convergence will seek to provide for a particular basis of self-respect which is dubbed “being one’s own person”.

Keywords: Aristotelian Principle; constructivism; contractualism; Darwall; duties to oneself; Kant; Rawls

Chapter.  7643 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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