Chapter

Party Patronage in Austria: From Reward to Control

Oliver Treib

in Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199599370
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741517 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599370.003.0003

Series: Comparative Politics

Party Patronage in Austria: From Reward to Control

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This chapter seeks to provide up-to-date empirical information on party patronage in Austria. The results of the empirical analysis indicate that patronage practices have undergone a significant transformation over the past fifteen or twenty years. Austria still belongs to the countries with high levels of patronage. However, the old system of mass patronage has given way to elite patronage, primarily targeting leadership positions, thus decreasing the depth of patronage. More importantly, Austria has witnessed a change in the logic of party patronage: while party political appointments used to be mostly reward-driven, the main goal of the current system is to gain control over institutions that are crucial for policy delivery. The chapter argues that the electoral and public pressure exerted by the anti-Proporz campaign of Haider’s Freedom Party played a key role in transforming the Austrian patronage system.

Keywords: Austria; party patronage; reward; control; mass patronage; elite patronage; Haider; freedom party

Chapter.  9964 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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