Conclusion: Party Patronage in Contemporary Europe

Petr Kopecký, Leiden University, Peter Mair and European University Institute Florence

in Party Patronage and Party Government in European Democracies

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199599370
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741517 | DOI:

Series: Comparative Politics

Conclusion: Party Patronage in Contemporary Europe

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This chapter provides the conclusion to the entire volume. Using the insights from the national studies, the chapter discusses the role of political parties in organizing and coordinating patronage, the changing style and purpose of party patronage, and the scale and institutional location of party patronage in contemporary European democracies. This chapter observes, first, that there is a tendency for patronage appointments to be dominated by the party in public office without any major constraints being imposed by the party apparatus beyond these confines; second, that rather than using appointments as rewards, parties are more likely to emphasize appointments that can help them to manage the infrastructure of government and the state; and third, that patronage appointments are increasingly sourced from channels outside of the party. The chapter then argue that parties increasingly look like network organizations, primarily constituted by their leaders and their personal and political hinterlands.

Keywords: patronage coordination; reward patronage; control patronage; index of patronage; party as a network

Chapter.  7744 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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