Chapter

Europeanization and the Varying Responses in Collective Skill Systems

Justin J.W. Powell and Christine Trampusch

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print November 2011 | ISBN: 9780199599431
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731518 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0011
Europeanization and the Varying Responses in Collective Skill Systems

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To what extent and in which directions are Europe-wide processes affecting the collective skill formation systems analyzed in this book, namely those in Austria, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, and Switzerland? Europeanization elicits varying responses in collective skill systems, which are still mainly governed in national contexts and determined primarily by domestic politics. This chapter explores the impact of Europe, and the European Union in particular, on contemporary conflicts and consensus and on institutional change in vocational training regimes. We analyze the impact of the European level on national institutions responsible for skill formation and explore similar challenges posed by European initiatives and the different responses of the collective skill systems. Investigating the two levels and their interaction, we contrast countries in which conflicts over such forms of Europeanization have ensued—Germany and Switzerland—with those in which consensus has facilitated Europeanization—Austria, Denmark, and the Netherlands.

Keywords: Bologna process; Commission (EU); Copenhagen process; EU; European Qualifications Framework; Europeanization; Higher education; Modularization; Skill formation; Soft governance

Chapter.  12437 words. 

Subjects: Knowledge Management

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