Chapter

The neuropsychology of stimulant and opiate dependence: neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies

Karen D. Ersche

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199600434
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191725623 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0022

Series: Attention and Performance

The neuropsychology of stimulant and opiate dependence: neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies

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Chronic use of stimulants and/or opiates has been associated with a wide range of cognitive deficits, involving domains of attention, inhibitory control, planning, decision making, learning, and memory. Although both stimulant and opiate users show marked impairment in various aspects of cognitive function, the impairment profile is distinctly different according to the substance of abuse. This chapter provides an in-depth overview of the neuropsychology of stimulant and opiate dependence as informed by findings of recent neuropsychological and neuroimaging studies.

Keywords: drug use; stimulations; opiates; cognitive deficits; drug addiction; substance abuse; cognitive impairment

Chapter.  18392 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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