Chapter

Brain-science and education in Japan

Hideaki Koizumi

in Neuroscience in Education

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199600496
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739187 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600496.003.0100
Brain-science and education in Japan

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From the viewpoint of neuroscience, learning and education can be defined as the processes of making neuronal circuits in response to external stimuli, and of controlling or preparing appropriate stimuli, respectively. Learning and education can thus be studied as a new field with brain science that includes disciplines related to the brain, e.g., neuropsychology, developmental cognitive neuroscience, behavioural sciences, and child neurology as well as neuroscience. This new discipline is named ‘brain-science and education’. National programmes run by the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) in ‘brain-science and education’ began in December 2000 and nineteen projects were completed by March 2011. In this Japan initiative, not only were conventional non-invasive brain function imaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging, magnetoencephalography, and electroencephalogram used, but also a new methodology — near infrared spectroscopic optical topography was employed — resulting in the elucidation of various learning processes in the brains of infants and children. This chapter shares information on the special situation in Japanese education and some of the ‘brain-science and education’ initiative's results that may be important in future neuroscience in education.

Keywords: neuroscience; learning; education; brain science; Science and Technology Agency

Chapter.  8001 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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