The Hebrew Text

Helen Kraus

in Gender Issues in Ancient and Reformation Translations of Genesis 1-4

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199600786
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731563 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Theological Monographs

The Hebrew Text

Show Summary Details


The Hebrew text functions here as the standard against which each of the five translated texts is measured. Genesis differs from other creation narratives from the Ancient Near East in that there is no sexual union; man is not begotten but made. Man, the Adam, is created as a clay artefact, animated by the divine breath, and subsequently woman is made out of man. The Hebrew is ambiguous regarding the male‐female relationship; they share a genetic make‐up, suggesting gender equality, and monogamy is emphasized. The reason and nature of their shame is obscure but is traditionally associated with original sin and carnal knowledge. Woman, through her dialogue with the serpent, shoulders the blame for the disobedience but all bear the consequences and receive punishment. Woman will suffer the strains and pains of childbirth and rearing children.

Keywords: Ancient Near East; sexual union; Adam; gender equality; monogamy; disobedience; shame; original sin; punishment; childbirth

Chapter.  12295 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.