Chapter

The Trade and Development Relationship during the GATT Years and the Genesis of the WTO

Sonia E. Rolland

in Development at the World Trade Organization

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199600885
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738364 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600885.003.0004

Series: International Economic Law Series

The Trade and Development Relationship during the GATT Years and the Genesis of the WTO

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The public international law approach to development attempted to incorporate development at the core of the trade regime. The ITO embodied that philosophy, as did Part IV of the GATT, non-reciprocity, the Enabling Clause and, more recently, the reference to sustainable development in the Marrakesh Agreement establishing the WTO. By contrast, the technical approach to trade regulation and development translated into ad hoc or limited carve-outs from general disciplines, such as GATT Article XVIII, trade preferences, “special and differential treatment” clauses in the Uruguay Round agreements, and the Doha Decision on Public Health. Such instruments often predetermine and limit the ability of developing countries to devise their own development policies. It is in part in reaction that the notion of “policy space” emerged as a rallying cry for those who wanted to reclaim more control over domestic economic policy.

Keywords: development; GATT; general agreement on tariffs and trade; international trade organization; uruguay Round; UNCTAD; enabling clause; GSP; generalized system of preferences; policy space

Chapter.  7498 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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