Chapter

Concepts of motion in language

Inderjeet Mani and James Pustejovsky

in Interpreting Motion

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199601240
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738968 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601240.003.0002

Series: Explorations in Language and Space

Concepts of motion in language

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Concepts of motion in language introduces a qualitative model for natural language that captures static spatial descriptions expressing topological relations involving contact and inclusion, simple orientation relations, and qualitative distance. Extending a basic motion frame discussed in the literature, authors analyze path verbs in terms of transitions in spatial configurations over time, individuating them based on differences in the initial or final spatial configurations. The authors argue that manner is not a primitive parameter of motion, and they distinguish different manner‐of‐motion verbs based on topological constraints. The chapter illustrates the compositional analyses of a variety of different motion sentences.

Keywords: argument structure; basic motion frame; compositional semantics; event structure; manner‐of‐motion verbs; orientation relations; path verbs; qualitative distance; topological relations

Chapter.  8100 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Psycholinguistics

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