Chapter

Support for European Integration

Andrija Henjak, Gábor Tóka and David Sanders

in Citizens and the European Polity

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199602339
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199949908 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602339.003.0008

Series: IntUne

Support for European Integration

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This chapter examines generalized support for the EU rather than attitudes towards specific institutions and policies. Theories about its origin are subjected to more comprehensive empirical tests than previous analyses attempted, using time-series cross-section data covering all member states from the 1970s to 2007. The dynamic relationship between EU-support and national economic and political developments follows a transfer, rather than substitution logic, while increasing trade with EU member states, high cognitive mobilization, low welfare spending, Catholicism and favourable labour market position all contribute to favourable dispositions towards EU-membership. Other often suggested influences on EU support appear inconsistently across nations or time, which we attribute to the nature of the EU itself that generates diverse, contradictory, and ever-changing expectations among citizens.

Keywords: EU-membership; political support; public opinion; time-series cross-section; instrumental calculus; cognitive mobilization; cues

Chapter.  16774 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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