Conceptualizing and Measuring European Citizenship and Engagement

David Sanders, Paolo Bellucci, Gábor Tóka and Mariano Torcal

in The Europeanization of National Polities?

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199602346
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739163 | DOI:

Series: IntUne

Conceptualizing and Measuring European Citizenship and Engagement

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This chapter presents our dependent variables. It discusses the ways in which the various dimensions of European citizenship and of engagement have been theorised and measured. Citizenship is mapped onto the three theoretical dimensions of citizenship (identity, representation and scope of government), thus showing that citizens’ attitudes are clearly structured along these dimensions. The descriptive picture of European citizenship that emerges is one of a nuanced balance, in which medium levels of European identification are associated with mixed evaluations of the policy responsiveness of EU institutions and of EU policy competence. The final part of the chapter discusses our two measures of European engagement: overall support for the EU itself and people’s preparedness to participate in elections to the European Parliament.

Keywords: European citizenship; EU representation; EU scope of government; European Engagement; EU policy competence

Chapter.  8322 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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