Chapter

Currency and taxes

Stilt Talar

in Islamic Law in Action

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199602438
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191729348 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602438.003.0009
Currency and taxes

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This chapter addresses the system of currency and taxes and describes the muhtasib’s involvement in these areas of the law. In the first case, the muhtasib helped to enforce the sultan’s rules regarding counterfeit coins. In the second case, the muhtasib supported the sultan’s introduction into circulation of a new coin. In the third case, the muhtasib supported the sultan’s orders that linked the two topics of taxes on goods sold and currency. In the fourth case, the muhtasib collected an assessment imposed on property owners along the Nile. In the fifth case, the muhtasib assisted in the collection of a tax that the sultan improperly called “zakat.” In the sixth case, the muhtasib helped the sultan collect a tax from the merchants to support the war effort against the invading Ottomans.

Keywords: copper; silver; gold; Dirham; Dinar; fulus; zakat; Maks

Chapter.  10041 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Law

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