Chapter

Nationalism and Population Politics in the late Ottoman Empire

Uğur Ümit Üngör

in The Making of Modern Turkey

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199603602
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729263 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.003.0002
Nationalism and Population Politics in the late Ottoman Empire

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This chapter gives an account of how the Turkish nation formation process developed from the nineteenth into the twentieth century. It introduces the eastern provinces and Diyarbekir province sociologically and addresses how nation formation in the Ottoman Empire shifted from an inclusive Ottoman patriotism to an exclusive Turkish ethnic nationalism. The chapter focuses on the Young Turk movement's discourse and plans for carving out a nation state from the multi‐ethnic Ottoman Empire. Finally, it returns to how ideas of population politics, formulated at top political levels, trickled down to the provincial level, where they became the subject of bitter conflicts.

Keywords: Ottoman Empire; Eastern Turkey; Diyarbekir; Young Turks; population policies; Balkan wars; revanchism; ethnic polarization

Chapter.  24272 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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