Chapter

Deportations of Kurds, 1916–34

Uğur Ümit Üngör

in The Making of Modern Turkey

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199603602
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729263 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.003.0004
Deportations of Kurds, 1916–34

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This chapter deals with three major phases of deportations of Kurds from Eastern to Western Turkey in the course of roughly two decades. It analyses how the Young Turks and Kemalists used forced population transfer as a strategy of culturally and demographically ‘Turkifying’ the country's eastern provinces. This project consisted of deporting non‐Turks away from, and settling Turks into the eastern provinces. These two vectors of population transfer geared into each other, rendering the deportations an effective tool of ‘Turkification’. The chapter draws comparisons between the three phases and emphasizes the continuity of Young Turk population policies, without overlooking the differences.

Keywords: deportations; population transfer; Kurds; Kemalists; Turkification

Chapter.  34017 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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