Chapter

Culture and Education in the Eastern Provinces

Uğur Ümit Üngör

in The Making of Modern Turkey

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199603602
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729263 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603602.003.0005
Culture and Education in the Eastern Provinces

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This chapter discusses how the Young Turk and Kemalist regimes used culture and education as vehicles of ‘Turkification’. It analyses how the Turkish government took the lead to launch ambitious projects of nation formation. It explores how the party attempted to penetrate every remote cell in the country using the educational infrastructure of tens of thousands of schools in order to impose Turkish culture in Eastern Turkey. The chapter demonstrates through the example of a boarding school for Kurdish girls that the prime objective was not education but forced assimilation. The chapter also addresses how high levels of coercion during this process produced high levels of popular resistance against government policies.

Keywords: cultural policy; language policy; education; forced assimilation; Kurds

Chapter.  25781 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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