Chapter

Value Bearers and Value Pluralism

Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen

in Personal Value

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780199603787
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729294 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603787.003.0010
Value Bearers and Value Pluralism

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Chapter 10 defends pluralism about bearers of final non‐derivative value. A pair of substantive views about value, preferentialism and hedonism, are considered. It is then argued that, given certain assumptions about the nature of pleasure and preference, the value accruing to pleasure (from a hedonist point of view) cannot be accounted for by preferentialists. The two positions ascribe non‐derived final value to different kinds of value bearer (even if they ascribe derived final value to the same sort of bearer). We should resist the attempt to view all final, non-derivative value as supervening on states of affairs. Since a formal analysis of value ought to be embraceable by the proponent of any major substantive view on value, and hence by the hedonist and preferentialist, a pluralist view on value bearers is therefore to be preferred to a monist one. Chapter 10 ends with a summary of the book's key points.

Keywords: hedonic tone; preferentialism; hedonism; pleasure; preference; value bearer; concrete; abstract

Chapter.  10904 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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