Religious Discrimination and Hatred

Norman Doe

in Law and Religion in Europe

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199604005
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729331 | DOI:
Religious Discrimination and Hatred

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This chapter examines religious discrimination in civil law and the impact of European Union law in this field. It explores the principle of religious equality, the prohibition of religious discrimination, the fields of religious discrimination (such as in employment and the provision of goods and services), the types of religious discrimination (such as direct and indirect discrimination), and exceptions enjoyed by religious organizations. It then examines crimes against the person motivated by religion. It explores incitement of religious discrimination and hatred (with particular regard to the actus reus and mens rea of such crimes, as well as the penalties which may be imposed), criminal offences aggravated or mitigated by religion, and illicit sects.

Keywords: religious discrimination; civil law; criminal law; European Union law; religious hatred; actus reus; mens rea

Chapter.  14868 words. 

Subjects: EU Law

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