Chapter

Policy Entrepreneurship, Group Mobilization, and the Creation of a New Policy Domain: Women’s Rights and the European Union

Sonia Mazey

in Constructing a Policy-Making State?

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199604104
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191741531 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604104.003.0007
Policy Entrepreneurship, Group Mobilization, and the Creation of a New Policy Domain: Women’s Rights and the European Union

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This chapter explains the development of EU gender equality policies and evaluates the extent to which Europeanization has occurred in this sector. The argument presented is that the expansion of this EU policy domain is attributable to interest group mobilisation at the EU level, policy entrepreneurship by EU institutional actors (notably within Commission) and judicial policy-making by the European Court of Justice. Europeanization of this sector is strongest in those areas covered by the legal acquis and ECJ case law. Whilst gender mainstreaming and other soft law measures have extended the reach of the EU gender equality policy frame to other sectors, the impact of these initiatives has been limited. However, past experience suggests that soft law often provides the basis for ECJ rulings and/or future hard law. It would therefore be premature to rule out further Europeanization in this sector.

Keywords: women; policy frames; ECJ; entrepreneurship; interest groups

Chapter.  8002 words. 

Subjects: European Union

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