Chapter

Governance Institutions and Policy Implementation in the European Union

Christoph Knill and Jale Tosun

in Constructing a Policy-Making State?

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199604104
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191741531 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604104.003.0016
Governance Institutions and Policy Implementation in the European Union

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This contribution provides an up-to-date understanding of the ‘on the ground’ effects of policy-making at the level of the EU. While the relevant research literature has demonstrated that changes in policy objectives and deviations from the original design during the implementation stage are the rule rather than the exception, our understanding of the size of the actual implementation deficit as well as the central factors affecting implementation effectiveness is still rather limited. This holds particularly true, in light of the recent enlargement rounds. To give an encompassing overview of the determinants of EU policy implementation, we adopt an institutional perspective on implementation effectiveness and ask how governance by hierarchy, competition and communication affects institutional change in the new member states. We find that in terms of formal compliance the new member states seem to cope relatively better with the institutional implications emerging from Community law than the old member states. This mainly results from a dirigiste governance style applied to the former accession candidates, which helped to create a new organisational culture. In contrast, concerning the old member states, our analytical framework suggests that governance by competition and communication stimulate more effective compliance with European law.

Keywords: implementation; enlargement; institutional perspective; compliance

Chapter.  10246 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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