Book

Predestination

Matthew Levering

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199604524
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729317 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604524.001.0001
Predestination

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Why have Christian theologians returned again and again over the course of the centuries to the topic of predestination? This book argues that the reason for the recurrent interest in predestination is that Scripture teaches the core elements of the doctrine of predestination. When Second Temple Jewish theologies took up the election of Israel, their affirmation of an eternal Creator God resulted in the doctrine of predestination. For the New Testament authors as well, God from eternity governs everything in his providence, electing some by grace and permitting others to rebel permanently. The claim that Scripture teaches predestination has been highly controverted in the Christian tradition. This book explores the views of sixteen key figures representing a wide spectrum of views: Origen, Augustine, Boethius, and John of Damascus (patristic period); John Scottus Eriugena, Thomas Aquinas, William of Ockham, and Catherine of Siena (medieval period); John Calvin, Luis de Molina, Francis de Sales, and G. W. Leibniz (Reformation/early modern period); and Sergius Bulgakov, Karl Barth, Jacques Maritain, and Hans Urs von Balthasar (20th century). The final chapter offers a constructive approach to the topic, rooted in Aquinas's theocentric metaphysics and doctrine of God's permission of sin, and in Catherine's and Francis's emphasis on God's superabundant love for all rational creatures.

Keywords: predestination; providence; theocentric; love; eternity; grace; election; permission

Book.  240 pages. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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Table of Contents

Introduction in Predestination

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Two Affirmations in Predestination

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