Chapter

The Patristic Period: Outlining the Problem

Matthew Levering

in Predestination

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199604524
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729317 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604524.003.0003
The Patristic Period: Outlining the Problem

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Chapter Two argues that the Church Fathers develop insightful but almost inevitably one-sided approaches to the New Testament's teachings on predestination. Origen emphasizes the Creator's unlimited love for each and every rational creature, and he assumes the predestination of all to salvation. Augustine insists that the New Testament teaches God's utterly gratuitous predestination from eternity of only some rational creatures. John of Damascus highlights the power of created free will to rebel against God's love, with corresponding limitations as regards God's eternal providence in bringing about the salvation of rational creatures. Although Boethius does not treat predestination, his exposition of divine eternity and foreknowledge lends support to Augustine's theology of predestination.

Keywords: Origen; Augustine; providence; salvation; eternity; foreknowledge; love; Church Fathers

Chapter.  14452 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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