Chapter

The Medieval Period: Seeking a Balance

Matthew Levering

in Predestination

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199604524
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729317 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604524.003.0004
The Medieval Period: Seeking a Balance

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The third chapter argues that medieval theology, struggling with the biblical insights of Augustine and Damascene, eventually finds a way to uphold the strengths of both Fathers’ approaches—but without resolving the tension between their approaches. Eriugena advances a position similar to that of John of Damascus, while Aquinas develops Augustine's position in a systematic manner. Ockham argues that predestination generally depends upon God's foreknowledge of good works, but he does not say how this can be squared with the biblical teaching about God's utterly gracious election. Catherine insists that God causes our goodness and permits some to rebel permanently, and that from eternity God loves each and every rational creature without any deficiency in God's love.

Keywords: gracious election; goodness; love; foreknowledge; eternity; good works; Ockham; Aquinas; Catherine

Chapter.  13360 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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