The Twentieth Century: God's Absolute Innocence

Matthew Levering

in Predestination

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199604524
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729317 | DOI:
The Twentieth Century: God's Absolute Innocence

Show Summary Details


The fifth chapter argues that twentieth-century efforts to distance Christianity from earlier predestinarian doctrine run into biblical and conceptual difficulties. Bulgakov rejects predestination and instead develops a sophiological theology of the necessary salvation of every rational creature. Denying that Satan (or any demon) is a personal being, Barth proposes that every human being is predestined or elected in Christ Jesus. Maritain holds that created freedom can overturn God's “antecedent” will by a non-active “nihilation” of the rule of reason; God's “consequent” will for predestination follows upon human freedom. Balthasar considers the doctrine of predestination a false path, and he instead develops a Trinitarian dramatics to deal with the issues previously understood in terms of predestination.

Keywords: sophiological; Trinitarian dramatics; Satan; salvation; antecedent will; nihilation; predestination; Christ Jesus; Barth; Balthasar

Chapter.  18627 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.