Chapter

The Twentieth Century: God's Absolute Innocence

Matthew Levering

in Predestination

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199604524
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729317 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604524.003.0006
The Twentieth Century: God's Absolute Innocence

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The fifth chapter argues that twentieth-century efforts to distance Christianity from earlier predestinarian doctrine run into biblical and conceptual difficulties. Bulgakov rejects predestination and instead develops a sophiological theology of the necessary salvation of every rational creature. Denying that Satan (or any demon) is a personal being, Barth proposes that every human being is predestined or elected in Christ Jesus. Maritain holds that created freedom can overturn God's “antecedent” will by a non-active “nihilation” of the rule of reason; God's “consequent” will for predestination follows upon human freedom. Balthasar considers the doctrine of predestination a false path, and he instead develops a Trinitarian dramatics to deal with the issues previously understood in terms of predestination.

Keywords: sophiological; Trinitarian dramatics; Satan; salvation; antecedent will; nihilation; predestination; Christ Jesus; Barth; Balthasar

Chapter.  18627 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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