Chapter

Women and Private Military and Security Companies

Ana Filipa Vrdoljak

in War by Contract

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780199604555
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191725180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604555.003.0015
Women and Private Military and Security Companies

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Lack of clarity about the application of international law norms and inadequacies of existing regulatory regimes covering private military and security companies (PMSCs) have reinforced concerns about transparency and accountability in respect of gender-related violence, harassment, and discrimination. This chapter focuses on the main issues and legal concerns raised by the impact of the privatisation of war on women, both as PMSC employees and civilians. Part I highlights how armed conflict, civil unrest, occupation, and transition have a detrimental effect upon the lives of women with particular reference to safety, displacement, and health and economic disadvantage. Part II provides a summary of existing international humanitarian law and human rights provisions relating to women. Part III examines recent developments within the United Nations, the work of the ICRC, and international criminal law jurisprudence shaping these legal norms. Part IV considers the key recommendations of recent international and international initiatives covering PMSCs and women.

Keywords: women; gender; sexual assault; forced prostitution; human trafficking; sexual harassment; discrimination; international law; international humanitarian law; human rights

Chapter.  9674 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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