Chapter

Harmonization of Standardization and Certification

Junji Nakagawa

in International Harmonization of Economic Regulation

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199604661
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731679 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604661.003.0004

Series: International Economic Law Series

Harmonization of Standardization and Certification

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This chapter analyzes international harmonization of product standards and accreditation (section 1) and of food safety standards (section 2), which are conducted by different standard setting bodies and regulated by separate Agreements of the WTO. While these standards are non-binding, leaving states with discretion as to whether to adopt them in domestic regulation, the WTO Agreements have added legally binding force by mandating members to base domestic standards on harmonized ones. This change and resulting public concern regarding the legitimacy of international harmonization have led to substantive reform of standard setting procedures and of the public information policy of standard setting bodies.

Keywords: standardization; accreditation; ISO (International Organization for Standardization); Codex Alimentarius Commission; food safety standards; WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement); WTO Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement)

Chapter.  15891 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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