Chapter

Actually Aid the Case for Theism?

Joshua C. Thurow

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199604760
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741548 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0011
Actually Aid the Case for Theism?

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In recent years philosophers have begun to reflect more deeply on the significance of disagreement between equally rational and well-informed peers. Many, including Richard Feldman, have argued that disagreement between such peers requires that both suspend judgement. Applying this to the religious domain and given widespread religious disagreement, Feldman’s view results in religious scepticism. This chapter questions Feldman’s view by first explaining more fully the equal weight view about disagreement, and secondly arguing that there are cases of disagreement where equal weight would result in agreement. In such cases, the belief structure and the precise location of the disagreement within it explains why agreement is rationally mandated by equal weight. Thirdly, the chapter argues that religious disagreements could be examples of such cases. Equal weight could end up rationally requiring agreement that God exists (or not, depending on the details of the disagreement).

Keywords: disagreement; Feldman; equal weight; scepticism; religious disagreement; rationality; theism

Chapter.  8765 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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