Chapter

History, Terms, Identity, and Themes

Gerald O'Collins

in Rethinking Fundamental Theology

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199605569
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729454 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605569.003.0001
History, Terms, Identity, and Themes

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After sketching the development of fundamental theology, against the background of earlier and later apologetics (especially the response of believers to the Enlightenment), this chapter shows how the discipline not only resembles but also differs from apologetics, natural theology, philosophical theology, philosophy of religion, and systematic (or dogmatic) theology. Fundamental theology has been practised by Anglicans, Catholics, Protestants; like philosophical theology, it presupposes faith, while being less extensive in scope and more concerned with empirical data than philosophical theology. The chapter concludes by outlining eight major themes (e.g. God's self-revelation, the human response of faith, tradition, and the inspiration of Scripture) that create the specific identity for the work of fundamental theology.

Keywords: fundamental theology; faith; God; tradition; inspiration; Scripture; apologetics

Chapter.  5976 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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