Chapter

Forms in Question

Gill Mary Louise

in Philosophos

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199606184
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191741890 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606184.003.0002
Forms in Question

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This chapter sets out the theory of forms defended in the Parmenides and spelled out in more detail in the Phaedo and the objections leveled against forms to determine how the theory can be revised and preserved. Among the main problems discussed are participation (initially the relation between sensible particulars and forms), self-predication (the form of F-ness is itself F), forms as causes, and the question whether forms are separate (exist apart) from the things whose features they are invoked to explain or are immanent in them. The chapter argues that many problems stem from the separation of forms. Later chapters will show that the dialogues in the series Theaetetus-Sophist-Statesman treat forms as immanent but keep much of the rest of the theory intact.

Keywords: Parmenides; Phaedo; forms; participation; forms as causes; self-predication; separation; immanence; critique of forms

Chapter.  16523 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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