Chapter

The Contest between Heraclitus and Parmenides

Gill Mary Louise

in Philosophos

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199606184
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191741890 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606184.003.0004
The Contest between Heraclitus and Parmenides

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Chapter 3 argues that a second round of the philosophical exercise concerns the form of being, the philosopher’s object, and spans parts of the Theaetetus and Sophist. Plato’s Socrates presents two opposed positions, the Heraclitean view that being is changing, and the Parmenidean view that being is at rest. After both positions have been refuted, Plato’s Stranger seeks to reconcile them in the Battle of the Gods and Giants in the Sophist and defines being as the capacity to remain the same (rest) and to act on or be affected by other things (change). No sooner does he find a middle way than he undermines it in the fourth step of the dialectical pattern, rendering being totally mysterious. This book contends that the audience must find its way back to the constructive solution at step three to locate Plato’s philosopher.

Keywords: Theaetetus; Sophist; Heraclitus; Parmenides; being; change; rest; Philosopher; philosophical exercise

Chapter.  13913 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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