Chapter

Appearances of the Sophist

Gill Mary Louise

in Philosophos

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199606184
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191741890 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606184.003.0006
Appearances of the Sophist

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Using an angler as model, the Sophist — the focus of Chapter 5 — presents six divisions and definitions of the sophist and thereby reveals that the sophist is puzzling because he appears in so many different ways, encouraging people to think he knows things he does not know. To unmask the sophist in the final division, the inquirers need to make sense of appearances and untangle the problems of not-being (interpreted as difference), negation, and false statement, the major weapon of the sophist, who is finally identified as the imitator of the wise man. This chapter analyzes sameness and being using the model of difference and argues that the sophist must ultimately be ousted from the genus expertise, since he is ignorant of what he is imitating.

Keywords: Sophist; division; appearance; not-being; difference; negation; falsehood; sameness; being; expertise

Chapter.  21488 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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