Chapter

Engaged Reasoning

Anthony Simon Laden

in Reasoning

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199606191
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741081 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606191.003.0007
Engaged Reasoning

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Under certain circumstances, reasoning together requires a heightened level of responsiveness. Reasoners must not merely issue invitations and open them to criticism, but also actively seek to issue invitations that can be accepted and be willing to shift their positions in the search for common ground. These circumstances lead to a special form of reasoning: engaged reasoning. This chapter describes engaged reasoning, shows how circumstances such as a concern to find theoretical truth or the need to make a decision can lead people to engaged reasoning, and articulates the norms that govern this activity. It then offers an extended contrast between deliberation, which is a form of engagement brought on by the need to come to agreement, and negotiation, which is a form of reasoning according to the standard picture where people with divergent interests look for rational compromises.

Keywords: deliberation; negotiation; engagement; reasonableness; trust

Chapter.  14341 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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