Chapter

Responding Reasonably

Anthony Simon Laden

in Reasoning

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199606191
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741081 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606191.003.0008
Responding Reasonably

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Any picture of the activity of reasoning must provide guidance for how to respond to the genuine proposals that get made in the course of reasoning. The chapter begins with a contrast between two approaches. The standard picture of reason offers a theory of what reasons there are, and then uses that to evaluate proposals. The social picture of reasoning argues that some responses undermine the ability to keep reasoning, and determines how to respond to proposals in the light of that. This approach is defended against several concerns that it lacks sufficient grounding, and then argues that one requirement on reasoners as they reason is that they maintain their integrity. The idea of integrity is developed and its consequences for working out the range of reasonable responses probed.

Keywords: evaluation; integrity; self; unity; standpoint; flexibility

Chapter.  12334 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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