Chapter

Why knowing what’s going to happen next makes anticipation in music all the sweeter

Adam Ockelford

in Applied Musicology

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199607631
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191747687 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607631.003.0008
Why knowing what’s going to happen next makes anticipation in music all the sweeter

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This chapter explores how implication and expectation in music work, using zygonic theory. A model is constructed that acknowledges the potential implications arising from three sources of regularity in music: patterns within groups of notes, and between them, as encoded in working and long-term memory, both veridically and schematically. Various forms of interaction between these sources of music-structural information are mooted. The model is tested in two experimental conditions: the first in which subjects were required to sing what they regarded as likely continuations of a melody that was built up a note at a time, and the second using a rating protocol for the perceived expectedness of each note of a melodic motif on first and second-time hearings. The results lend initial support to the model, and suggest refinements to it.

Keywords: musical implication; musical expectation; pattern; veridical; schematic; zygonic theory; structure

Chapter.  23828 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis

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