Chapter

Issues in clause structure

John M. Anderson

in The Substance of Language Volume I

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608317
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191732034 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608317.003.0006
Issues in clause structure

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This chapter discusses phenomena that have been appealed to in work advocating ‘head‐to‐head movement’. It is argued that such a mechanism further weakens the restrictiveness of syntax, despite introducing further tracking-devices. On the basis of a discussion of English and French, an alternative analysis of ‘movement to Infl’ and ‘movement to Comp’ is offered. The latter is provided with the non‐movement lexical account already appealed to in the discussion of interrogatives in Chapter 4. Analysis of the former invokes differences between languages in how much argument incorporation they permit in the lexicon, and this is illustrated from a range of languages. French is interpreted as involving incorporation of pronominal complements that may be coreferential with an adjunct, where English has a complement. This accounts for various differences between the languages in adverb position.

Keywords: head‐to‐head movement; lexical incorporation; apposition and coreferentiality; complement vs. adjunct; adverb position

Chapter.  13305 words. 

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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