John M. Anderson

in The Substance of Language Volume II

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608324
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191732041 | DOI:

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There are lexical mechanisms that compensate for the unidirectionality of the exponence relation, as illustrated by the reorganization of morphologically expressed features for optimal formulation of the exponence relations they enter into, and by the deployment of functional elements that enhance the paradigms of finite verbs, creating grammatical periphrases. Some secondary features are expressed only syntactically by means of ecphrasis. It is hypothesized that there are no non‐verbal grammatical periphrases. Nouns are characterized by participation in gender agreement, with classifiers serving as one host type. These are all different manifestations of the role of morphology in mediating between the very different substances grammaticalized by syntax and phonology. And throughout the volume the importance of the extralinguistic basis of linguistic categories is repeatedly confirmed.

Keywords: lexicon; exponeknce; periphrasis; ecphrasis; gender; agreement; classifier; groundedness

Chapter.  4661 words. 

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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