Chapter

Some implications of structural analogy

John M. Anderson

in The Substance of Language Volume III

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608331
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191732119 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608331.003.0002
Some implications of structural analogy

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This chapter provides an introduction to structural analogy and its limits, and to the problem of reconciling it with notions of an autonomous universal grammar, given its dependence on the nature of the extralinguistic domains interfaced by the two planes. It reviews arguments for the existence of analogy and against it. The overall analogical structure of the two planes is outlined, leading to a discussion of the incompatibility of substance-based analogy with the parallelism between the projections of lexical categories predicted by the X-bar theory of syntactic structure. The substance of e.g. nouns and verbs is such as to preclude analogy of projection. The chapter concludes with an introduction to the head-based analogies that have been the subject of recent debate.

Keywords: structural analogy; dis-analogy; autonomy; universal grammar; X-bar; headedness

Chapter.  20090 words. 

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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