Chapter

Structure

John M. Anderson

in The Substance of Language Volume III

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608331
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191732119 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608331.003.0007
Structure

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This chapter examines structural properties that in some form seem to be central to syntax, but at most marginal in phonology. Firstly, it looks at the presence of lexical derivation involving syntactic categories, expressed by affixation, internal modification, conversion, or compounding, or merely by distribution. Change of category is incompatible with the expression of phonology. Lexical structures can display recursion, and syntactic recursion is the second topic of the chapter, where a distinction between direct and indirect recursion is made. At most, only direct recursion is associated with phonological structures, again because of incompatibility with their implementation. Similarly, phonology displays ambidependency, but rejects non-projectivity and associated long-distance dependencies. The need for non-projectivity and how it can be constrained is dis cussed.

Keywords: lexical derivation; affixation; mutation; conversion; compounding; direct recursion; indirect recursion; complementizer; ambidependency; non-projectivity

Chapter.  17422 words. 

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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