Chapter

Phylogeny

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608485
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729539 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0010
Phylogeny

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After having introduced the general concept of evolution, the action of natural selection is considered. The issue of populations of genotypes and phenotypes as well as the problem of variation are examined. Then, a short summary of the concept of species is provided. The relations between evolution and complexity theory are examined as well as a very helpful approach to evolution: Game theory. Another important question is: How many systems of inheritance there are? Then, an investigation into the problem of entropy and order at different time scales follows. Finally, the Baldwin effect is discussed and some general principles of evolution are considered.

Keywords: phylogeny; game theory; Baldwin effect; natural selection; entropy; heredity; complexity; convergence

Chapter.  22018 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Physics

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