Chapter

Memory

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608485
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729539 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0018
Memory

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In this chapter, the third fundamental functionality of the brain is examined: Memory. After a short presentation of the nature of memory and of its fundamental features, the chapter introduces the relevant neural mechanisms. This will allow us to deal with the fundamental difference between procedural and declarative memory, which turns out to be connected with two different functions, namely learning and memory. Finally, the problem of the stages of memory consolidation is discussed, starting with the traditional distinction between a short-term and a long-term memory. It shall be seen that it is convenient to establish a dichotomy between active and inactive memory.

Keywords: memory; procedural; declarative memory; learning; short-term memory; long-term memory; active memory; inactive memory

Chapter.  8708 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Physics

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