Chapter

An Overview

David Henderson and Terence Horgan

in The Epistemological Spectrum

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608546
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729584 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608546.003.0001
An Overview

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This chapter provides an overview of the chapters to follow, their central arguments, and how the various pieces of the view developed in the book fit together. Two of the subsequent chapters are identified as pivotal methodological chapters: Chapter Two—on the a priori and on philosophical reflection in particular—and Chapter Six—on the spectrum of inquiry to be pursued within a fittingly naturalized epistemology. The chapters that follow each of these methodological chapters implement and illustrate their lessons. The discussion of various versions of reliabilism in the third, fourth, and fifth chapters provides an extended instance of the “low-grade priori” reflection characterized in Chapter Two. The discussion and criticism (in Chapter Seven) of the psychological “proto-theories” that have mis-informed much epistemology reflects the far-reaching significance of certain empirical parts of the epistemological spectrum, while Chapter Eight articulates some consequences of an empirically better informed understanding of epistemically relevant processes. Thus, the revisionary treatments (in Chapter Eight) of foundationalism, coherentism, and contextualism constitute important lessons to be gained from a fittingly naturalized epistemology.

Keywords: epistemology; naturalized epistemology; a priori; justification; reliabilism; epistemic) internalism; epistemic) externalism; foundationalism; coherentism; contextualism; iceberg epistemology; morphological content; transglobal reliabilism

Chapter.  4698 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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