Chapter

Transglobal Reliabilism

David Henderson and Terence Horgan

in The Epistemological Spectrum

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608546
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729584 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608546.003.0004
Transglobal Reliabilism

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The neoclassical reliabilism of chapter three is found to be flawed. Its inadequacy is strongly suggested by variants of the so-called “new evil demon problem.” Discussion of such scenarios, and the general association of epistemic safety with robustness of reliability, leads to a position that better captures the concern for epistemic safety associated with objective epistemic justification: transglobal reliabilism. Transglobal reliability is reliability relative to the wide reference class made up of experientially relevant possible global environments. Further scenarios reinforce the idea that modulational control remains important. The resulting position is termed transglobal reliabilism. On this account, for an agent to be objectively justified in holding a belief, that belief must arise or be maintained by way of processes that are transglobally reliable under suitable modulational control. The main outlines of transglobal reliabilism are developed here and supported by reflection on a number of scenarios.

Keywords: epistemic justification; reliabilism; reliability; transglobal reliability; transglobal reliabilism; safety; new evil demon problem; internalism; externalism; modulational control

Chapter.  19503 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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