Chapter

Defending Transglobal Reliabilism

David Henderson and Terence Horgan

in The Epistemological Spectrum

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608546
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729584 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608546.003.0005
Defending Transglobal Reliabilism

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The overall work of this chapter is two-fold: First, it illustrates how philosophical reflection leading to transglobal reliabilism fully conforms to the model of low-grade a priori reflection advanced in Chapter 2. Second, the chapter serves to provide a sustained defense of transglobal reliabilism. The defense involves the full range of data that is characteristic of low-grade a priori philosophical reflection. Of course the data to be accommodated includes judgments provoked by scenarios—so this chapter discusses a diversity of such judgments (some featured in the previous to chapters, some newly introduced here). Various judgment tendencies that initially seem to point in directions incompatible with transglobal reliabilism are discussed. It is shown how these tendencies can be accounted for by transglobal reliabilists. However, the data to be accommodated also includes some sense for the points and purposes of the evaluative concept of epistemic justification. It is not uncommon in philosophical reflection to find oneself pulled in apparently opposing directions when thinking about particularly difficult cases—and the concept of epistemic justification has its difficult applications and “dual pulls.” Ultimately, reflection on the points and purposes of the concept of epistemic justification allows one to understand this dual pull within a fleshed out transglobal reliabilist account.

Keywords: epistemic justification; reliabilism; reliability; transglobal reliability; transglobal reliabilism; safety; new evil demon problem; a priori; modulational control; Goldman; Sosa

Chapter.  14933 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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