Chapter

Naturalism, Transcendentalism, and Therapy

Penelope Maddy

in Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608553
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191729645 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608553.003.0007
 						Naturalism, Transcendentalism, and Therapy

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The goal of this paper is to characterize a particularly austere form of contemporary naturalism called ‘Second Philosophy’ using radical skepticism about the external world as a diagnostic instrument. It begins by presenting Second Philosophy alongside the relevant form of First Philosophy, then develops an extended compare-and-contrast with responses to skepticism from transcendental philosophy (represented by Kant) and therapeutic philosophy (represented by Kant again, and then by Carnap, Wittgenstein and Austin). The hope is that this exercise will bring Second Philosophy into sharper focus.

Keywords: Austin; Carnap; Kant; naturalism; Second Philosophy; transcendental philosophy; therapeutic philosophy; Wittgenstein

Chapter.  16078 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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