Political Participation, Institutions, and the Gender Gap

Miki Caul Kittilson and Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

in The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199608607
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745799 | DOI:

Series: Comparative Politics

Political Participation, Institutions, and the Gender Gap

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Chapter 4 presents cross-national statistical analyses of the effects of electoral institutions and outcomes on political participation across a wide range of democracies. The gendered effects of institutions are examined for several types of political participation. The chapter finds that inclusive electoral rules ameliorate the gender gap in more time-intensive activities, such as contacting an official, persuading others, or working on a campaign. This empirical evidence illustrates the primacy of electoral proportionality as an institutional outcome, which has different effects on men and women and thus shapes the nature of the gender gap in political participation. It is electoral proportionality that drives the variation in the gender gaps across democracies and does so by having larger effects on women than on men.

Keywords: proportionality; political participation; women; gender; voting; party mobilization

Chapter.  8350 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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