The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions

Miki Caul Kittilson and Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

in The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199608607
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745799 | DOI:

Series: Comparative Politics

The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions

Show Summary Details


The final chapter summarizes the major findings of the book and the implications of these findings for future research on gender and political involvement. The chapter highlights that characteristics of the political context itself, specifically electoral institutions, are important influences on how successfully democracies tap women as a political resource and incorporate them into mass politics. More inclusive electoral systems, particularly those that have greater proportionality in election outcomes, have smaller gender gaps in many areas of political engagement and participation, and those smaller gaps occur because proportional election results have stronger effects on women than men. Gender quotas are another inclusive electoral rule that sometimes mediate gender gaps in engagement and participation, but their consequences are considerably more mixed. By adding the gendered effects of electoral institutions to existing research on women and political involvement, the book builds a richer understanding of why gender differences in political involvement persist in democratic politics.

Keywords: democracy; elections; women; gender; electoral institutions; inclusion

Chapter.  4305 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.