Case Study: Anti-Personnel Landmines

Caroline Fehl

in Living with a Reluctant Hegemon

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608621
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731730 | DOI:
Case Study: Anti-Personnel Landmines

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The first empirical chapter deals with the Anti-Personnel Landmines Convention. In the negotiations leading up to its adoption, European advocates of a mine ban were faced with a choice of accommodating US demands for special exemptions or concluding an agreement without US support. While most of them were ready to make far-reaching concessions to the US, a small core group remained intransigent, resulting in a non-hegemonic agreement. The chapter argues that a rational calculus of treaty effectiveness cannot fully explain this pattern of European responses, since neither accepting US proposals nor excluding it from the treaty could endanger its practical impact. Given this indeterminate balance of treaty effectiveness, different normative constraints guided the stances of different European governments: The more accommodating states were motivated by a commitment to transatlantic consensus, whereas the ‘hard liners’ sought to defend fairness and equity, reinforced by the moral pressure of a powerful NGO campaign.

Keywords: landmines; anti-personnel mines; Ottawa convention; mine ban; ICBL; NGOs; arms control; disarmament; humanitarian law

Chapter.  12850 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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