Case Study: Small Arms and Light Weapons

Caroline Fehl

in Living with a Reluctant Hegemon

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608621
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731730 | DOI:
Case Study: Small Arms and Light Weapons

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The fourth case study focuses on the 2001 UN Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons and a series of follow-up negotiations aimed at reducing destabilizing arms flows to conflict regions. In this ongoing process of building a global small arms regime, European states repeatedly advocated more stringent rules than the US but accommodated almost all American objections to secure US support for the UN process. The chapter argues that, as in the Kyoto case, European responses are well explained by a concern for treaty effectiveness. While US participation in the emerging small arms regime was considered critical for its effectiveness, the concessions made to the US did not significantly reduce it, making accommodation the most effective choice. Neither material nor normative constraints had a visible impact on European choices in this case study.

Keywords: small arms and light weapons; programme of Action; marking and tracing; arms brokering; arms Trade Treaty; ammunition; arms trade; gun control; disarmament; arms control

Chapter.  11804 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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