Chapter

Conclusion

Caroline Fehl

in Living with a Reluctant Hegemon

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199608621
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731730 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608621.003.0009
Conclusion

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This chapter summarizes the evidence for and against each of the hypotheses comprised in my theoretical framework, comparing and contrasting the findings from the five case studies. The study confirms the considerable explanatory power of the rationalist baseline hypothesis, but also demonstrates its clear limitations. A pragmatic concern for treaty effectiveness influenced European responses to US policy in all five cases, and could even fully explain them in some instances. However, it was insufficient to explain European decisions in other cases where neither accommodation nor non-hegemonic cooperation was the clearly superior strategic option in terms of treaty effectiveness. In these cases, economic cost constraint and, above all, different types of normative considerations tipped the balance for or against non-hegemonic cooperation from the perspective of European governments.

Keywords: non-hegemonic cooperation; findings; integrated model; rationalism; constructivism; economic policy; non-Western states

Chapter.  5092 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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